Blog Posted December 9, 2010

How to Exclude Files from SVN Commits

In Subversion, svn commit will commit all edited files to the central repository. In the event that I want to selectively commit only a few of my edited files, it's necessary to specify the full path to each file with svn commit /full/path/to/filename1 /full/path/to/filename2 /full/path/to/filename3. This can be time-consuming. Plus, it's often easier to selectively exclude files from a given commit, but Subversion doesn't offer this feature.

The solution

I made a bash function that provides a quick way to include/exclude files from an svn commit.

function smartcommit() {
  svn stat > /tmp/svn_commits.tmp
  vim /tmp/svn_commits.tmp
  svn commit `cat /tmp/svn_commits.tmp | cut -d' ' -f2- | xargs`
  rm /tmp/svn_commits.tmp

How to Use It

  1. Paste the above function into your ~/.bash_profile
  2. Enter smartcommit at the command line from within a Subversion project’s directory.
  3. The output of svn stat is printed to a new file called svn_commits.tmp.
  4. svn_commits.tmp is opened in Vim.
  5. Remove any lines specifiying files you DO NOT want to commit.
  6. Enter :wq to save and quit the temporary file.
  7. Proceed with the commit as normal, noting that only those files left listed in the aforementioned svn_commits.tmp file will be committed.
  8. The svn_commits.tmp file is deleted.
  9. A self-contained script can also be downloaded from GitHub.